Tuesday, 11 October 2011

Top 10 Indonesia Mountain you have to visit

Geographically, Indonesia is an archipelago situated at the confluence of four tectonic plates, the Asian Plate, the Australian, Indian Ocean plate and the Pacific Ocean. In the southern and eastern Indonesia there is a belt of volcanic (volcanic arc) that extends off the island of Sumatra, Java and Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, which side of an old volcanic mountain and lowland part is dominated by the marsh. From as many as 129 volcanoes in Indonesia or 13 percent of all volcanoes in the world, encircled stretches all of Indonesia island , Its called as Indonesia ring of fire .

However, some volcanoes in Indonesia, Many store a number or more, the beauty of the scenery is stunning. There are several mountains in Indonesia which has a lake in the vicinity and even in its crater. here they are , ten beautiful mountain in Indonesia you can visit.

10.Mount Merbabu, central java

Mount Merbabu is a dormant stratovolcano in Central Java province on the Indonesian island of Java. Loosely translated, Merbabu Could mean 'Mountain of Ash' from the Indonesian word babu. The active volcano Mount Merapi is directly adjacent on its south-east side, while the city of Salatiga is located on its northern Foothills. A 1.500 m high broad saddle lies the between Merbabu and Merapi, the site of the village of Selo and highly fertile farming land. There are two peaks; Sharif (3.119 m) and Kenteng Songo (3.145 m). Three U-shaped radial valleys extend from the Kenteng Songo summit in northwesterly, northeastly and southeastly directions.Mount Merbabu is one of the most known volcano in Central Java, for its amazing and Challenging hiking routes for Both local and foreign hikers. Despite Often used as a hiking site for many experienced hikers, Merbabu Considered is still an active volcano.

The term "Merbabu" is derivated from two words, "Meru" meaning "Mountain" and "Babu" meaning "female" or "lady". The Great Volvano is located directly adjacent on the Southeastern side of Mount Merapi. According to history, Merbabu Eruption's last was in 1968, and before That there was a moderate Eruption in 1560 and again in 1797. Although the mountain may seem to have many peaks, They are in fact not really the original peak (Often known as shadow peak).

9.Mount Gede Pangrango , west java

Mount Gede Pangrango National Park is a national park in West Java, Indonesia. The park is centered on two Volcanoes-Mount Gede and Mount Pangrango-and is 150 km in area. It evolved from already existing conservation areas, Such as Cibodas Nature Reserve, Nature Cimungkat Reseve, Situgunung Recreational Park and Mount Gede Pangrango Nature Reserve, and has been the site of Important biological and conservation research over the last century. Mount Gede-Pangrango is widely known for its wealth of bird species: 251 of the 450 species in Java inhabit this Park. Among these are endangered species like the Javan hawk eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), and the owl (Otus angelinae).

UNESCO declared Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park a Biosphere Reserve in 1977, and it is a Sister Park to Taman Negara Malaysia, under a cooperation signed in 1995 the between Indonesia and Malaysia. This Park is surrounded by ancient superstitions and beliefs. It has some legend , that the spirits of Eyang Suryakencana and Prabu Siliwangi guard Mt. Gede to keep it from erupting. Even now, at Certain times of the year, people flock to the caves around Mt. Gede to Meditate or hold ritual Ceremonies.

8.Mount Anak Krakatau, Sunda Strait

Krakatoa is a volcanic archipelago that are still active and located in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra. This name was ever pinned on a volcanic peak over there is because of the eruption on 26-27 August 1883, then vanished. The explosion is very powerful and the resulting tsunami killed about 36,000 people. Looking at the region of Mount Krakatau in the Sunda Strait, experts estimate, there are mountains in ancient times is very large in the Sunda Strait that finally erupted leaving a massive caldera (crater big) called Ancient Mount Krakatoa, which is the parent of Mount Krakatoa erupted in 1883. The mountain is composed of andesitic rocks. Now, Krakatau became one of the attractions are quite enthused by both foreign and local tourists.

7.Mount Tangkuban perahu, west java

Tangkuban Perahu Mountain is located about 30 km north of Bandung. This beautiful place is located in Lembang area, approximately 30 minutes from Bandung using Car or motorbike . This Mount has a height of 2084 meters tall. This mountain Became one of the interesting tourist destinations in West Java. Natural environment is cool, and hot springs at the foot of the mountain. Rows of elongated craters, the main attraction. Tangkuban Perahu mountain charm is so adorable, even, When the weather is sunny, the curve of the soil on the crater wall can be seen clearly, in contrast with the green trees around the mountain.

Not only that, the bottom of the crater We can enjoy the beauty that was amazing. Mount Tangkuban Perahu is one That is still active volcano on the island of Java. Several times this mountain ever recorded erupted, released bowels resulting in nine craters Scattered in Various places in the top of the mountain.

6.Ijen Crater, East Java

Ijen volcano in East Java contains the world's largest acidic volcanic lake crater, Called Crater of Ijen, famous for its turquoise color. The active crater measuring 950x600 m is known for its rich sulfur deposits the which are being quarried. The volcano is one of Several active stratovolcanoes constructed over the 20 km wide Ijen caldera, the largest caldera in Java. Eruptions from Ijen are very hazardous Because of the risk of draining the lake to form catastrophic lava.

The Ijen volcano complex at the eastern end of Java consists of a group of small stratovolcanoes constructed within the large 20-km-wide Ijen (Kendeng) caldera. The north caldera wall forms a prominent arcuate ridge, but elsewhere the caldera rim is buried by post-caldera Volcanoes, including Mount Merapi stratovolcano, the which forms the 2799 m high point of the Ijen complex.

5.Mount Semeru, east java

Semeru, or Mount Sumeru, is a volcano located in East Java, Indonesia. It is the highest mountain on the island of Java. The stratovolcano is also known as Mahameru, meaning 'The Great Mountain. The name derived from Hindu-Buddhist mythical mountain of Meru or Sumeru, the abode of gods. A great thing about Semeru Is that there are two really easy hiking days (and great campsites) Challenging before you climb the slope to the summit ash. The "alpine" Landscape of the Semeru-Southeast is wonderfully Varied, with pine forests, hills, grassy meadows, and the beautiful lake at Ranukumbolo. go to semeru give more excitement and new travel experience Both adrenaline and excitement.

4. Mount Bromo, East java

Mount Bromo also Gunung Bromo, located in the Tengger Caldera, is one of the most popular Tourist Attractions in East Java, Indonesia. It is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, and even though at 2329 meters it is not the highest peak of the massif, it is the most well known. Mount Bromo is part of the same chain of (active) Volcanoes, at the eastern end of the island. Mount Semeru (12.060 ft) in the background is Java's highest point. The landscapes are spectacular - many say the most spectacular in Indonesia - and the region is home to the fascinating Hindu Tengger community, distinct from the predominantly Muslim Lowland Javanese.

3. Mount Kelimutu, East Nusa Tenggara

Mount Kelimutu is a volcano located on the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Exact location of this mountain in the village of strikes, District Flores, Ende. This mountain has three crater lakes on top. This lake is known as the Lake Three Colors, Because it has three different colors, namely red, blue, and white. However, the colors are always changing with the passage of time. Mount Kelimutu is one of the highlights of Flores island in Indonesia. When the volcano Died, three lakes were the resource persons in its caldera formed. Lakes Their colors change every now and then. . Locals believe the souls of deceased find refuge in the lakes. One for the souls of kids, another for the elderly and the third lake is the 'enchanted one'.

2. Mount Rinjani, West Nusa Tenggara

Standing at a Majestic 3726 m, Mt. Rinjani is located in the North of Lombok, is the second highest peak in Indonesia. For the people of Lombok, Sasak and Balinese alike, this mountain is a sacred place where, at the summit, the holy gods live. A large crater lake Segara Anak, located at 2000 m above sea level is the destination of many pilgrims, the who's annual Make a track up the steep slopes in order to place offerings to the gods in the lake Itself. Within this breathtaking crater lake has Appeared a new and active volcano, Mt. Barujari. On the north side of the lake is a hot spring (one of 4 Segara Anak hot springs found there) the which is said to cure disease. Rinjani volcano towers over the beautiful island of Lombok in West Nusa Tenggara province. Rising from the sparkling rice terraces to a dizzying height of 3.726 meters, it is the second-highest volcanic peak in Indonesia

1. Carstensz Pyramid, Papua

This is the only places in Indonesia, who has glaciers on the top. Carstensz Pyramid, or Puncak Jaya, is the highest mountain of Oceania and one of the Seven Summits. It is the highest point the between the Himalayas and the Andes, and the highest island peak in the world. The mountain lies in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua province, Indonesia. Carstensz Pyramid is one of the more demanding climbs in one version of the Seven Summits of peak-bagging list (it is replaced by Mount Kosciuszko in Australia in the other version. There are Several glaciers That grace the slopes of Puncak Jaya, these include the Carstensz Glacier and the Northwall Firn. Because the mountain is close to the equator, the average temperature rarely varies, meaning the glaciers only slightly fluctuate seasonally.


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