Wednesday, 5 October 2011

10 Amazing desert around the world

Desert, a truly exotic earth's surface. widely spread in various parts of the world. Ranging from Africa until Australia they serve the exotic yellownish hot landscapes. There being saved millions of different nature, ranging from plants, reptiles, up to the phenomenon of mirage. Even in the some places store millions of great beauty but deadly. Amazing ! the only words that can describing for all parts in the Desert worlds. Here they are 10 Amazing and beautiful deserts that exist in different continents around the world.

1.  Sahara (North Africa)

The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and occupies approximately ten percent of the African continent. The ecoregion includes the hyper-arid central portion of the Sahara where rainfall is minimal and sporadic. Although species richness and endemism are low, some highly adapted species do survive with notable adaptations. Only a few thousand years ago the Sahara was significantly wetter, and a significant large mammal fauna resided in this area. Climatic desiccation over the past 5000 years, and intense human hunting over the past 100 years, has obliterated most of these fauna. Now, in vast portions of the Sahara, merely rock, sand and sparse vegetation are found. The remnant large mammal fauna is highly threatened by ongoing over-hunting. An alternative name of the Sahara is the Great Desert.

2. Antarctica

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached −89 °C (−129 °F). There are no permanent human residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent.

3. The Black Desert (Egypt)

The Black Desert is situated in the Egypt's Western Desert, at 50 kilometers from the Bahariya`s North. The other geographical coordinates are 150 kilometers from the Farafra`s South, 50 kilometers from the Agabat`s South-East, 60 kilometers from the Crystal Mountain's South-East and 100 kilometers from the White Desert's South-East. In the Black Desert the mountains has shapes of volcano and a big quantity of little black-colored stones. The ground has a brown-orange color and has black stones too. Black rocks with soft peek, that were blunt by the wind over the years, are all over the desert.

4. Simpson Desert (Australia)

The Simpson Desert is a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes in Northern Territory, South Australia and Queensland in central Australia. It is the fourth largest Australian desert, with an area of 176,500 km² (68,100 sq mi). The desert is underlain by the Great Artesian Basin, one of the largest inland drainage areas in the world. Water from the basin rises to the surface at numerous natural springs, including Dalhousie Springs, and at bores drilled along stock routes, or during petroleum exploration. As a result of exploitation by such bores, the flow of water to springs has been steadily decreasing in recent years. The Simpson Desert is an erg which contains the world's longest parallel sand dunes.These north-south oriented dunes are static, held in position by vegetation. They vary in height from 3 metres in the west to around 30 metres on the eastern side. The largest and most famous dune, Nappanerica, or more popularly Big Red (named by Simpson Desert traveller Dennis Bartell), is 40 metres in height

5. Namib (Namibia)

The Namib Desert is often refered to as the world's oldest desert. Namibia, gets it's name from the Namib so it should come as no suprise to discover that the entire western section of the country is comprised of the Namib. Of course the Namib spreads beyond the borders of Namibia and flows into southern Angola and the northern Cape Province of South Africa. A section of the central Namib Desert incorporates The Namib Naukluft Park, one of the largest national parks in Africa, as well as the Naukluft Mountains. The park is a combination of the Namib Desert Park and the Naukluft Mountain Zebra Park as well as sections of the Diamond Area. The combined area is just under 50,000km² and main attractions are Sossusvlei, Sandwich Harbour and the Naukluft hiking and four wheel drive trails.

6. Atacama (Chile)

The Atacama covers most of the northern part of Chile, and in reality continues north up the coast of Perú for hundreds of miles. In Chile it extends far into the mountains. Below about 3,000 meters, plant life of any kind is usually limited to a few areas of oasis. when rare chubascos (thunderstorms) drop rain in limited areas, long dormant seeds sprout and the desert may be carpeted with flowers for a few weeks. They soon disappear and may not be seen again for a century. Another spot where plants may be scattered is at the base of rocky coastal canyons where the incessant morning fogs may condense enough to support a very few burnt-looking little herbs

7. Farafra (Egypt)

A main geographic attraction of Farafra is its White Desert (known as Sahara el Beyda, with the word sahara meaning a desert). The White Desert of Egypt is located 45 km (28 mil) north of the town of Farafra. The desert has a white, cream color and has massive chalk rock formations that have been created as a result of occasional sandstorm in the area. The Farafra desert is a typical place visited by some schools in Egypt, as a location for camping trips.

8. Salar De Uyuni (Bolivia)

The largest salar (salt flat) in the world, Salar de Uyuni, is located within the Altiplano of Bolivia in South America. The Altiplano is a high plateau formed during uplift of the Andes Mountains. The plateau harbors fresh and saltwater lakes, together with salars, that are surrounded by mountains with no drainage outlets—all at elevations greater than 3,659 meters (12,000 feet) above mean sea level. The Salar de Uyuni covers approximately 8,000 square kilometers (3,100 square miles), and it is a major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano due to its flatness

9. Lencois Maranheses (Brazil)

Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, in Maranhão State, is one of Brazil's top natural attractions. It is an ecosystem formed of white sand dunes which cover 383,000 acres and look like bedsheets (lençóis in Portuguese) spread out on the Northeastern coast. Seasonal lagoons which fill up with rainwater, mostly during the first six months of the year, make Lençóis Maranhenses a unique kind of landscape. Mangroves, deserted beaches, buritis - a graceful kind of palm tree - and the Preguiças River help compose the park's diversity. The park is about 156 miles from São Luís, the state capital

10. Taklamakan (Central Asia)

Takla Makan Desert, Chinese (Pinyin) . great desert of Central Asia and one of the largest sandy deserts in the world. The Takla Makan occupies the central part of the Tarim Basin in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, northwestern China. The desert area extends about 600 miles (960 km) from west to east, and it has a maximum width of some 260 miles (420 km) and a total area of approximately 123,550 square miles (320,000 square km).

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