Thursday, 21 October 2010

Geography of Indonesia

Indonesia lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E. It consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. These are scattered over both sides of the equator. The largest are Java, Sumatra, Borneo (shared with Brunei and Malaysia), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea), and Sulawesi. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor. Indonesia shares maritime borders across narrow straits with Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines to the north, and with Australia to the south. The capital, Jakarta, is on Java and is the nation's largest city, followed by Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, and Semarang.

At 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 sq mi), Indonesia is the world's 16th-largest country in terms of land area. Its average population density is 134 people per square kilometer (347 per sq mi), 79th in the world, although Java, the world's most populous island, has a population density of 940 people per square kilometer (2,435 per sq mi). At 4,884 metres (16,024 ft), Puncak Jaya in Papua is Indonesia's highest peak, and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometers (442 sq mi). The country's largest rivers are in Kalimantan, and include the Mahakam and Barito; such rivers are communication and transport links between the island's river settlements.

Indonesia's location on the edges of the Pacific, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates makes it the site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Indonesia has at least 150 active volcanoes, including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century. The eruption of the Toba supervolcano, approximately 70,000 years ago, was one of the largest eruptions ever, and a global catastrophe. Recent disasters due to seismic activity include the 2004 tsunami that killed an estimated 167,736 in northern Sumatra, and the Yogyakarta earthquake in 2006. However, volcanic ash is a major contributor to the high agricultural fertility that has historically sustained the high population densities of Java and Bali.

Lying along the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Average annual rainfall in the lowlands varies from 1,780–3,175 millimeters (70–125 in), and up to 6,100 millimeters (240 in) in mountainous regions. Mountainous areas—particularly in the west coast of Sumatra, West Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua—receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year; the average daily temperature range of Jakarta is 26–30 °C (79–86 °F).

The nation of Indonesia is almost unimaginably vast: More than 17,000 islands providing 108,000 kilometers of beaches. The distance between Aceh in the West and Papua in the East is more than 4,000 kilometers (2500 miles), comparable to the distance between New York City and San Francisco. Laying on the western rim of the Ring of Fire Indonesia has more than 400 volcanoes, of which 130 are considered active, as well as many undersea volcanoes. The island of New Guinea (on which the Indonesian province of Papua is located) is the second largest island in the world. Provinces are usually grouped around larger islands and include smaller surrounding islands. The listing below follows this practice, except with Bali which is treated as a separate region in here.
Regions of Indonesia

Regions of Indonesia
Sumatra (incl. the Riau Islands and Bangka-Belitung)
Wild and rugged, the 6th largest island in the world has a great natural and cultural wealth with more than 40 million inhabitants. Habitat to many endangered species.
Kalimantan (Borneo)
The vast majority of this, the world's third largest island, is covered by the Indonesian province. Uncharted jungles, mighty rivers, home of the orangutan, a paradise for the adventurer.
Java (and Madura)
The country's heartland, big cities including the capital Jakarta, and a lot of people packed on a not-so-big island. Also features the cultural treasures of Yogyakarta, Borobudur and Prambanan.
By far the most popular visitor destination in Indonesia, Bali's blend of unique culture, legendary beaches, spectacular highland regions and unique underwater life make it a perennial favourite amongst global travellers.
Sulawesi (Celebes)
Strangely shaped, this island houses a diversity of societies and some spectacular scenery, Toraja culture, rich flora and fauna, world class diving sites.
Nusa Tenggara (Lombok including the Gili Islands, Sumbawa, Flores, Komodo and West Timor)
Also known as the Lesser Sunda Islands, the "Southeast Islands", contain scores of ethnic groups, languages and religions, as well as Komodo lizards and more spectacular diving.
Maluku (Moluccas)
The historic Spice Islands, fought over to this day, largely unexplored and almost unknown to the outside world.
Papua (Irian Jaya)
The western half of the island of New Guinea, with mountains, forests, swamps, an almost impenetrable wilderness in one of the remotest places on earth. 

Wednesday, 6 October 2010

Prambanan : Historical of 1000 Temples

Prambanan temple, an exotica beauty from the past. located on the border between Yogyakarta Special Region with central java. This temple is the largest temple area of south east asia. This temple was built in 850 AD by the dynasty sanjaya, the famous dynasty at that time.This temple complex consists of  8 main temples and more than 250 small temples. and the main building is 47m high. Three main temple called Trisakti and offer it to the hyang Trimurti: Shiva Batara the Destroyer, Vishnu the Preserver and Batara Brahma the Creator.

An amazing temple construction was prove to the greatest dynasty of sanjaya . Fully  hand made reliefs in all of the body of each temples making this beauty temples more sacred and mysterious . Entering each of the temples makes some mystical experience for your journey , combining with a historical legend of  Rama and Shinta you will be delight full  to see wide open of javanese culture.

 How to get there ?
From any direction in indonesia , you have to flight to Jogjakarta and landed in Adi Sucipto International Airport . Then you can choose your transportation with your pleasure 


Approximately 10 minutes (about 8 miles) to the Prambanan temple with only spend around U.S. $ 2.5


Select bus majors Jogja to Kalasan and down in front of Prambanan Temple. It costs half the U.S. $ dollar per person. 


Some pedicab sometimes hang out at the airport. Can be reached within 25 minutes to Prambanan Temple Approximately with costs U.S. $ 2.5 

Our Suggestions

Select a taxi to take you to the Prambanan Temple or contact your travel agent.

What to see ?

 the first thing , you will be able to see the beauty of  Prambanan shape from the past , sculpture of Ramayana storeis at the wall of the temple , and mystical aura while you get in to inside the temple .

In other building near the temple , there is a javanse dance of art , called Ramayana ballet. this show started on :
Date: 1,3,8,10,15,17,22,24,29
Time: 19:30 to 21:00 pm
Event: Ramayana Ballet (full story)
Venue: Stage Yogyakarta Prambanan Trimurti

 Ramayana ballet is an art show beautiful, amazing and difficult to compare. This performance is able to unite various Javanese arts such as dance, drama and music on one stage and one momentum to present the Ramayana story, legendary epic written by Valmiki in Sanskrit.
The story of Ramayana is sung on this show is similar to that engraved on Prambanan temple. As many told, the Ramayana story carved on the most beautiful Hindu temple similar to the story in oral tradition in India. The road is long and thrilling story was summarized in four plays or round, abduction of Sinta, Anoman mission to Lanka, Ravana Kumbhakarna or death, and the meeting re-Rama Sinta.
All the stories presented in a series of dance movements performed by the lovely dancers accompanied by gamelan music. You are invited to actually dissolve in the story and look at every movement of the dancers to know the storyline. There's no spoken dialogue of the dancers, the only speakers are sinden describing the way the story through the songs in the Java language with a distinctive voice.

Where to stay ?

Poeri Devata Resort ( 496 435; Cottages U.S. $ 40 + 21% tax; fan / AC)The resort is located behind the Prambanan Temple, 15 minutes from International Airport Adi sutjipto. It has a swimming pool with a natural atmosphere and a restaurant. The hotel offers an interesting view, because in front of the resort have view Prambanan and there behind the view of Mount Merapi.

Puri  Jonggrang ( 496 708; Jl. Sewu; U.S. $ 10 to U.S. $ 15; fan / AC)The hotel is located right next to the tourist area of Prambanan temple. End of the driveway area lodging temple is an area that can be achieved about 30 minutes by taxi from the airport.

or you can find more in this site: RESORT NEAR PRAMBANAN

1. Better to not use a mini skirt while visiting this temple.
2. Beware for the temple with under construction  , because the damage of the earth quake on 2006.
3. The Ramayana ballet show usually  starts at night , pay attention if you want  to see  fully of this show.
4. Use hat or brought your umbrella to prevent from the hot of sunlight .

This video is taken from youtube

Ramayana ballet 

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