Thursday, 21 October 2010

Geography of Indonesia

Indonesia lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E. It consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. These are scattered over both sides of the equator. The largest are Java, Sumatra, Borneo (shared with Brunei and Malaysia), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea), and Sulawesi. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor. Indonesia shares maritime borders across narrow straits with Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines to the north, and with Australia to the south. The capital, Jakarta, is on Java and is the nation's largest city, followed by Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, and Semarang.

At 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 sq mi), Indonesia is the world's 16th-largest country in terms of land area. Its average population density is 134 people per square kilometer (347 per sq mi), 79th in the world, although Java, the world's most populous island, has a population density of 940 people per square kilometer (2,435 per sq mi). At 4,884 metres (16,024 ft), Puncak Jaya in Papua is Indonesia's highest peak, and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometers (442 sq mi). The country's largest rivers are in Kalimantan, and include the Mahakam and Barito; such rivers are communication and transport links between the island's river settlements.

Indonesia's location on the edges of the Pacific, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates makes it the site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Indonesia has at least 150 active volcanoes, including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century. The eruption of the Toba supervolcano, approximately 70,000 years ago, was one of the largest eruptions ever, and a global catastrophe. Recent disasters due to seismic activity include the 2004 tsunami that killed an estimated 167,736 in northern Sumatra, and the Yogyakarta earthquake in 2006. However, volcanic ash is a major contributor to the high agricultural fertility that has historically sustained the high population densities of Java and Bali.

Lying along the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Average annual rainfall in the lowlands varies from 1,780–3,175 millimeters (70–125 in), and up to 6,100 millimeters (240 in) in mountainous regions. Mountainous areas—particularly in the west coast of Sumatra, West Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua—receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year; the average daily temperature range of Jakarta is 26–30 °C (79–86 °F).

The nation of Indonesia is almost unimaginably vast: More than 17,000 islands providing 108,000 kilometers of beaches. The distance between Aceh in the West and Papua in the East is more than 4,000 kilometers (2500 miles), comparable to the distance between New York City and San Francisco. Laying on the western rim of the Ring of Fire Indonesia has more than 400 volcanoes, of which 130 are considered active, as well as many undersea volcanoes. The island of New Guinea (on which the Indonesian province of Papua is located) is the second largest island in the world. Provinces are usually grouped around larger islands and include smaller surrounding islands. The listing below follows this practice, except with Bali which is treated as a separate region in here.
Regions of Indonesia

Regions of Indonesia
Sumatra (incl. the Riau Islands and Bangka-Belitung)
Wild and rugged, the 6th largest island in the world has a great natural and cultural wealth with more than 40 million inhabitants. Habitat to many endangered species.
Kalimantan (Borneo)
The vast majority of this, the world's third largest island, is covered by the Indonesian province. Uncharted jungles, mighty rivers, home of the orangutan, a paradise for the adventurer.
Java (and Madura)
The country's heartland, big cities including the capital Jakarta, and a lot of people packed on a not-so-big island. Also features the cultural treasures of Yogyakarta, Borobudur and Prambanan.
By far the most popular visitor destination in Indonesia, Bali's blend of unique culture, legendary beaches, spectacular highland regions and unique underwater life make it a perennial favourite amongst global travellers.
Sulawesi (Celebes)
Strangely shaped, this island houses a diversity of societies and some spectacular scenery, Toraja culture, rich flora and fauna, world class diving sites.
Nusa Tenggara (Lombok including the Gili Islands, Sumbawa, Flores, Komodo and West Timor)
Also known as the Lesser Sunda Islands, the "Southeast Islands", contain scores of ethnic groups, languages and religions, as well as Komodo lizards and more spectacular diving.
Maluku (Moluccas)
The historic Spice Islands, fought over to this day, largely unexplored and almost unknown to the outside world.
Papua (Irian Jaya)
The western half of the island of New Guinea, with mountains, forests, swamps, an almost impenetrable wilderness in one of the remotest places on earth. 

Wednesday, 6 October 2010

Prambanan : Historical of 1000 Temples

Prambanan temple, an exotica beauty from the past. located on the border between Yogyakarta Special Region with central java. This temple is the largest temple area of south east asia. This temple was built in 850 AD by the dynasty sanjaya, the famous dynasty at that time.This temple complex consists of  8 main temples and more than 250 small temples. and the main building is 47m high. Three main temple called Trisakti and offer it to the hyang Trimurti: Shiva Batara the Destroyer, Vishnu the Preserver and Batara Brahma the Creator.

An amazing temple construction was prove to the greatest dynasty of sanjaya . Fully  hand made reliefs in all of the body of each temples making this beauty temples more sacred and mysterious . Entering each of the temples makes some mystical experience for your journey , combining with a historical legend of  Rama and Shinta you will be delight full  to see wide open of javanese culture.

 How to get there ?
From any direction in indonesia , you have to flight to Jogjakarta and landed in Adi Sucipto International Airport . Then you can choose your transportation with your pleasure 


Approximately 10 minutes (about 8 miles) to the Prambanan temple with only spend around U.S. $ 2.5


Select bus majors Jogja to Kalasan and down in front of Prambanan Temple. It costs half the U.S. $ dollar per person. 


Some pedicab sometimes hang out at the airport. Can be reached within 25 minutes to Prambanan Temple Approximately with costs U.S. $ 2.5 

Our Suggestions

Select a taxi to take you to the Prambanan Temple or contact your travel agent.

What to see ?

 the first thing , you will be able to see the beauty of  Prambanan shape from the past , sculpture of Ramayana storeis at the wall of the temple , and mystical aura while you get in to inside the temple .

In other building near the temple , there is a javanse dance of art , called Ramayana ballet. this show started on :
Date: 1,3,8,10,15,17,22,24,29
Time: 19:30 to 21:00 pm
Event: Ramayana Ballet (full story)
Venue: Stage Yogyakarta Prambanan Trimurti

 Ramayana ballet is an art show beautiful, amazing and difficult to compare. This performance is able to unite various Javanese arts such as dance, drama and music on one stage and one momentum to present the Ramayana story, legendary epic written by Valmiki in Sanskrit.
The story of Ramayana is sung on this show is similar to that engraved on Prambanan temple. As many told, the Ramayana story carved on the most beautiful Hindu temple similar to the story in oral tradition in India. The road is long and thrilling story was summarized in four plays or round, abduction of Sinta, Anoman mission to Lanka, Ravana Kumbhakarna or death, and the meeting re-Rama Sinta.
All the stories presented in a series of dance movements performed by the lovely dancers accompanied by gamelan music. You are invited to actually dissolve in the story and look at every movement of the dancers to know the storyline. There's no spoken dialogue of the dancers, the only speakers are sinden describing the way the story through the songs in the Java language with a distinctive voice.

Where to stay ?

Poeri Devata Resort ( 496 435; Cottages U.S. $ 40 + 21% tax; fan / AC)The resort is located behind the Prambanan Temple, 15 minutes from International Airport Adi sutjipto. It has a swimming pool with a natural atmosphere and a restaurant. The hotel offers an interesting view, because in front of the resort have view Prambanan and there behind the view of Mount Merapi.

Puri  Jonggrang ( 496 708; Jl. Sewu; U.S. $ 10 to U.S. $ 15; fan / AC)The hotel is located right next to the tourist area of Prambanan temple. End of the driveway area lodging temple is an area that can be achieved about 30 minutes by taxi from the airport.

or you can find more in this site: RESORT NEAR PRAMBANAN

1. Better to not use a mini skirt while visiting this temple.
2. Beware for the temple with under construction  , because the damage of the earth quake on 2006.
3. The Ramayana ballet show usually  starts at night , pay attention if you want  to see  fully of this show.
4. Use hat or brought your umbrella to prevent from the hot of sunlight .

This video is taken from youtube

Ramayana ballet 

Wednesday, 22 September 2010

Embassies of Indonesia in the world

Indonesia is a big beauty countries which is so amazing to explore. Wild, luxurious, or even Adventurer scene is provides here. The stunning island and beaches, with a lot of remote island that never been discovered yet, would be a paradise for every traveler who need some seclude and private experience. Let's see how the Raja ampat archipelago looks alike. It provide the best diving spots all over the world with exotic lonely island spread along your journey. Or just look back to island of Bali with all glamorous nightlife until The famous sunset beach called Kuta. If you are interesting to traveling to Indonesia archipelago, you can collect or finding more detail information in every embassies which is spread in all city of countries in the world. Here they are the address of Indonesia embassy in the world.

Indonesia embassy address on Canberra
8 Darwin Avenue, Yarralumla A.C.T. 2600
Canberra, Australia
(P.O.BOX 616 Kingston 26)
Phone : (61-02) 6250.8600
Fax : (61-02) 6273.6017, 6273.3545
E Mail :
Web link :" rel="nofollow"

Indonesia consulate general address on Melbourne (Consulate General)
72 Queens Road, Victoria 3004
Melbourne,, Australia
Phone : (61-3) 9525.2755
Fax : (61-3) 9525.1588
E Mail :
Web link :

Indonesia consulate general address on Sydney
236-238 Maroubra Road
Maroubra Sydney NSW 203, Australia
Phone : (61-2) 93449933
Fax : (61-2) 93496854
E Mail :
Web link :

Indonesia consulate general address on Perth
131 Adelaide Terrace East Perth, WA 6002
Perth, Australia
(P.O.BOX 6683 East Perth)
Phone : (61-08) 9221.5858
Fax : (61-08) 9221.5688
Web link :

South Africa
Indonesia embassy address
949 Schoeman Street, Arcadia
Pretoria 0028

United State of America (USA)
2020 Massachusetts Ave. N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20036

Road No. 53, Plot No. 14, Gulshan 2
Dhaka 1212

Tobias Asserlaan 8
2517 TC Den Haag

Great Britain
38, Grosvenor Square
London W1X 9AD

Brunei Darussalam
Lot. 4498, Simpang 528, Kampung Sungai Hanching Baru, Jalan Muara
Bandar Seri Begawan BC 2115, Negara Brunei Darussalam
(P.O.BOX 3013 BSB)
Phone : (673-2) 330-180, 330-358, 330-361, 330-445
Fax : (673-2) 330-646
E Mail :
Web link :

Czech Republic
Nad Budankami 11/7
150.00 Praha-5

6th Fl, Ra Marama Building, 91 Gordon St
PO Box 878, Suva

185 Salcedo St, Legaspi Village
Makati City, Metro Manila, the Philippines
P.O. Box 1671 MCPO

50 A, Canakyapuri
New Delhi 110021

Ghaemmagham Farahani Ave., No. 210.
PO Box: 11365/456 Teheran

Tokyo (Embassy)
5-2-9 Highashi Gotanda, Shinagawa-Ku
Tokyo 141, Japan
(P.O.BOX 11365/4564)
Phone : (81-3) 3441-4201
Fax : (81-3) 3447-1697
Web :

Osaka (Consulate General)
Daiwa Bank Semba Building 6th Floor 4-21 Minami Semba 4-Chome Chuo-Ku
Osaka 542.008, Japan
Phone : (81-06) 6252-9825 to 28, 252-9871
Fax : (81-06) 252-9872
E Mail :
Web :

Lehrter Str. 16-17
10557 Berlin

233, Jalan Tun Razak
Kuala Lumpur 50400

13, Aisha El Taimouria Street, Garden City
Cairo, Egypt
(P.O.BOX 1661 CAIRO)
Phone : (20-2) 794.7200, 794.7209
Fax : (20-2) 796.2495
E Mail :
Web (underconstruction):

Av. Javier Prado Oeste 1890 esq. Los Castanos 181,
San Isdiro, Lima - Peru

New Zealand
70 Glen Road, Kelburn
P.O.Box 3543

7 Chatsworth Road,
Singapore 249761

Sysslomansgatan 18, 1tr, 112 41 Stockholm
Box 12520, 102 29 Stockholm

600-602 Pecthburi Road
Ratchatewi, Bangkok 10400

Piazzale Roberto Ardigo 42
00142, Roma

3, Duthie Avenue, Belgravia

Wednesday, 15 September 2010

Raja ampat diving sites map

Raja Ampat is all about diversity, from the great things about the variety of reefs to their topography. There are vertical walls, reef flats, slopes, ridges, sea mounds, mucky mangroves, lagoons and pinnacles all of which are affected by a varying degree of current from none to very strong. The uniqueness of dive sites in Raja Ampat is no doubt anymore , surround by the small islands, the area of Raja Ampat give the feel of a truly exotic, makes you feel like the first person who dive into these region, an experience that you probably will not forget for the rest of your life , Enjoyed !

Reef Basics

Great for: Reef life and health, large animals, small animals, underwater photography, advanced divers
Not so great for: Non-diving activities
Depth: 5 - >40m
Visibility: 10 - 30m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Calm
Water Temperature: 27 - 30°C
Experience Level: Intermediate - advanced
Number of dive sites: Unknown but >200
Distance: ~1,200 km north east of West Timor (60 hours)
Access: Raja Ampat liveaboard cruises from West Timor or Irian Jaya
Recommended length of stay: 10 - 16 days

Description :

The Passage
A jumble of rocks marks the entrance to this enchanting looking dive site, the coral almost grows to the surface here. There is not much choice but to drop in and drift down the channel, pausing in bays where the current is more forgiving. Plenty of life can be found here including octopus, flatworms and cuttlefish, even the Wobbegong shark can be spotted on occasion. Schools of bigger fish await out in the current such as jacks, tuna, barracuda and sharks. Caves and arches also make up some of the topography here. Close by is this Nudibranch Rock, recently discovered sheltered dive site where the small island and bays wield a number of flamboyant nudibranchs.

Mike’s Point
This rocky outcrop just off Cape Kri was bombed during WWII. From the air it was mistaken for a Japanese ship due to its size and the wake left by speeding currents. Walls surrounding the islet drop to over 40 meters and attract huge schools of sweetlips, snappers and fusiliers. A dazling array of giant sea fans on a shelf at 27 meters can be explored for pygmy seahorses and the walls and coral crevaces home all manner of reef life.

Cape Kri
As one of the most popular dive sites of Raja Ampat , divers here can look forward to being literally engulfed by fish, huge swirling schools of dogtooth tuna, jacks, giant trevally and chevron barracuda. In addition to these expect to see large napoleon wrasse, car sized Queensland groupers and reef sharks as you drift along with the fish. Coral growth here is also diverse with all manner of hard and soft varieties. It is best to stay deep here to avoid the stong surface currents.

Sardine Reef
Sardine reef is a large off shore reef that slopes down to around 25 meters. There are no actual sardines here but the fish are so tightly packed that it derives the name of the dive site. Great schools of fish block out the light, jacks, tuna, trevally, they’re all here in huge numbers. There are also Australian Wobbegongs to be found here hiding under ledges and table corals. This dive really is a fish frenzy, you even need to stay close to your buddy if you want to keep them in sight for the living walls of fish.

Misool Island
This is one of the larger islands in the archipelago. The stunning reefs around Misool offer a breathtaking kaleidoscope of colour which offers a nice contrast to all the big stuff on other dive sites. Sloping walls are carpeted with soft corals of every colour imaginable housing all manner of critters from ghost pipefish to harlequin shrimp to pygmy seahorses.

Wai Island
This spot is famed for its visiting manta rays and a couple of WWII aircraft wrecks. However it is also popular for night diving in the secluded bay. All manner of creatures emerge to feed including octopus, stonefish, epaulette sharks, wobbegongs, squid, pipefish and many rare nudibranchs.

Source :

Tuesday, 14 September 2010

Derawan island : Dive awesome in your life

Welcome to the beautiful tropical islands in the region of Borneo,Derawan is an island with a sea of blue and green color gradations views, softly sand, rows of coconut palms on the coast, with a small forest in the middle of the island which is the habitat of various species of plants and animals and the natural beauty of the enchanting underwater. No wonder if this island could be ranked as a top three world-class dive destination and make this island as an island of dreams for the divers.Derawan Island has to total land surface of 40,000 hectares and is nature reserve with beautiful scenery and beaches.

Several species of rare flora and fauna are preserved here, such as scaled turtles, belimbing turtles and sea cows. This Island is occupied by Bajau people. It's sea gardens are beautiful . Its coastal forests are inhabited by sea birds, iguanas, and swallows. There are caves inhabited by various kinds of crabs. The waters around Derawan are good for swimming, fishing, scuba diving, and other water sports. Rabu-rabu Island is near Derawan, and is also called Snake Island. There are also Tanjung Batu, Panjang, Sangalaki and Kakaban Island, the latter with lakes.
Located on the coastal shelf of East Kalimantan in the Sulawesi Sea the Derawan islands are known as one of the most biodiversity-rich hotspots in the world. However a variety of man made threats endanger its beauty. The Berau administration has declared its total area of 1.27 million hectares a marine conservancy region. It hopes to slow down the rate of environmental destruction. The Berau administration in East Kalimantan uses it as its symbol despite the rich diversity of sea creatures and coral reefs in the Derawan islands.

How to get there ?

From Jakarta( Indonesia ) you can reach Balikpapan very easily. From Jakarta it is better to take morning flight between 06.00 – 08.00 AM Jakarta time with Bouraq, Lion Air, Kartika Air, Air Asia, Adam Air and Garuda Indonesia, so you can connect nicely with Trigana Balikpapan – Berau 10.45 - 12.10. To reach this place, from Balikpapan to travel one hour by plane (Kal Star, Deraya or DAS) to Cape Redeb (Kab.Berau capital) and from Cape Batu to Cape Redeb then took a speedboat to the island Derawan (long trip around the 2.5 hours). Other alternatives can also be via Tarakan, from there using a speed boat charter (capacity 30 people at a cost of approximately Rp 8 million) and up to the island Derawan with 3.5 hours of travel time.

What to see ?

Derawan beach is very good, compared with a beach in Bali, Derawan beach is much cleaner and very beautiful underwater scenery, there are many diverse ornamental fish, you can also see turtles on the island. Ambiance Sunrise Sunset and its really beautiful, it's better  for you to not miss these two moments. By using a snorkel, you can enjoy the beauty of coral reefs under the sea because the water is very clear.No need far out to sea, about 100 meters from the beach, fish and colorful coral reefs can be enjoyed by renting snorkel $ 5 for one day. As for scuba equipment rental (self containing breathing underwater apparatus) of approximately $ 40

Derawan Islands series that ran for more than 100mil along the coastline of East Kalimantan, is one of the most biologically rich in Indonesia. In this archipelago of water from the Berau River mixed with water from the Celebes Sea sea creating a unique landscape with the characteristics of a broad river delta toward the scattered reef, coral atolls and reef edge. Derawan Islands there are more than 460 species of coral. It makes Derawan Islands as a region which has the highest diversity of hard corals in the world number two after the Raja Ampat Islands in Eastern Indonesia.

This study also notes that there is more than 870 species of fish, ranging from Pygmy seahorses are very small to giant manta rays.Very often found in a large group of manta rays which amounts to 50 tail looks seen foraging in the waters Derawan. Various flora and fauna are also found in this area include: 347 species of reef fish, 222 species of molluscs (including five types of clams); 27 species of crustaceans, 183 species of coral; seven species of seagrass, and other biota, such as rare green turtles (Chelonia mydas) , hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), dugong (Dugong dugori), fish belebele / Napoleon (Cheilinus undulatus], shell clams (Tridacna sp.), and crab  (Birgus latrd). Some types of biota that there are important economic value such as prawn lobsters, grouper, red fish, kurisi fish, sharks, sea cucumbers.

Several clusters of coral, such as Moras, latitude, Malalangun, Gasongan, Baliulin and Masimbung also present in Derawan Islands. Waters around the reef has underwater ecosystem that is amazing. Beautiful coral reefs, the diversity of different types of coral reef fish species and biota, and clean white sandy beaches into charm of this place. A number of rare animals reefs in eastern Indonesia from snail species found in some of these coral islands.This area is also famous for its habitat for green turtles (Chelonia mydas) are rare and the largest in Indonesia.

Since 1993, the island is managed by PT.Bhuni Manimbora Derawan Interbuana by providing facilities such as cottages, diving equipment, speedboats and restaurants. In addition, there is also an inn run by local people, such as Danakan, Derawan Lestari III, Derawan Lestari I & II. Lodging Hams and Yogie Mas provides rooms for about $ 5 to $ 10 /night.
In Berau, there is a well-known hotels, namely Hotel Derawan Indah . It's have a deluxe room rates to around US$80 until US$100. For more information at Hotel Derawan Indah is in  Jl Panglima Batur 396, TANJUNG REDEP , ph 0554-23128.

Always use a sunblock and hat to avoid the hot sun
Expand the drinking water (white / minerals) to avoid dehydration.No damage to the environment by removing any trash, damage to coral, and took nothing from our caring nature as a form of environmental sustainability.
If you want to dive , rent the equipment at this island.If you not have experience to dive , would be  better to following tour dive package.

Or you can find more info in this link:

Thursday, 2 September 2010

Lake Toba : Jewel on the North Sumatera

Lake Toba, which is known as one of the largest freshwater lake in the world, with the beautiful island of Samosir in the middle of the lake. If you seeing vast expanse of Lake Toba in the distance to the cliff or the top of the cloud-covered hill directly will make a fixed view, and often too tempting to divert attention with my eyes for a second. So extraordinarily beautiful and the average first-time visitors would be fascinated to visit.If you enjoyed photography, a visit to Lake Toba certainly will not be sorry to remember a truly stunning beauty.

In the history vulcanology eruption of the caldera is the remnant of the greatest mount explosion until this minute (scale 8 VEI - Vulkanic Explotion Index). Toba eruption may be confused with 2000 eruption of Mount Helena times or 20 000 times a Hiroshima atomic bomb explosion. The effects of the eruption was a big hole with an area of almost 200 thousand hectares (100 km length and width of 30 km) or two and a half times the state of Singapore where the hole is now filled with water and called the Lake Toba. The lake that formed 80,000 years ago from volcanic eruptions is located 906 m above sea level so there cool temperatures all year around 20 degrees Celsius. Depth of Lake Toba around 150 m with an area of 1265 km2, excluding Samosir island in the middle of a lake that size around 90km, or about 8 hours surrounded by a motorboat.

How to get there ?

To reach lake toba , the first step is you have to go to Medan in North Sumatera Indonesia and landing at Polonia medan airport . If you prefer to go by public transport, you can try to Pinang Line bus terminal which is the busiest terminal in Medan. Many buses are available to reach Lake Toba with a ticket price of about Rp. 30 000, - s / d Rp. 40 000, -. If you choose to stay in Medan before going to Lake Toba, usually the hotel can also help organize transport to Lake Toba with a rate of around Rp. 50 000, - until Rp.70.000, one person, depending on the type of car and number of people as well. Another alternative is to take the train from the main railway station in the city of Medan to Pematang Siantar town. Once on Pematang Siantar, you can charter a taxi heading Parapat rate of around Rp. 200 000, -. Parapat town which is the gate of Lake Toba can be achieved within approximately 4-5 hours from Medan if using a rental car, but it may take longer if the public transport, could be around 5-6 hours. There are two main routes to reach Lake Toba, the first is through the town of Berastagi the air is cool because it was in the height of the mountain, while the second route is Medan - High Cliff - Pematang Siantar - Parapat, where the second route is much shorter and usually take public transportation The second route. Even so, the first route should also try, if your vacation time is long enough for a day in the town of Berastagi , staying cool with the mountain air is also quite fun . Travel water from Parapat to Samosir Island by ferry takes about an hour and usually there are three villages on the island of Samosir is routinely visited by travelers, ie, Tuk Tuk, Tomok and Tigaraja. Beforeleave, you should check with the ferry crew prior to the termination destination on the island of Samosir.

What to see ?

*. Captive monkeys SibagadingLocation in Nagori (village) near Parapat Sibaganding Siantar cross monument Marsuse, 40 km from Pematang Siantar, 4 km from the Office Head. When visiting each day. The area approximately 50 hectares (Sibaganding Protected forests). Facilities: the path to the location and seating as well as feeding protected monyet.Hutan Sibaganding inhabited only by monkeys and according to information from the manager and trainer monkeys (monkeys), there are 13 groups, one group numbered approximately 100 individuals and each group consisted of five baboon tail (parent) or as a group leader. Handler will call a monkey with a horn like a trumpet made from buffalo horn. Within five minutes of the monkeys will come and visitors subject to levy of Rp. 2000, - told the manager to pay a banana (a comb) as food monkey.

*. HaranggaolHaranggaol  located on the shores of Lake Toba, 71 Km from Pematang Siantar, 115 from Medan. And can travel from Medan via Berastagi and from Medan via Pematang Siantar. To this location can be reached by all types of vehicles. When visiting each day. The area 20 Ha.Fasilitas: Hotel jasmine, restaurants, land transport, lake transport, telephone and others. Haranggaol as byond Parapat is situated in a beautiful bay on the shores of Lake Toba has a beautiful and stunning panoramas. In these locations can be made of water sports activities, hiking, swimming, water sky, fishing, boating, flying kites or gantolle and others.

*. Tigaras Located on the shores of Lake Toba in Nagori (village) Tigaras, 50 km from Pematang Siantar, 15 km from District Head Office Dolok Pardamean. And can be reached by a variety of vehicles. Road infrastructure largely Hotmix. When visiting each day. The area 10 Ha.Tigaras as byond Parapat is located on the shores of Lake Toba is a gate across from Island Lake to the region of Lake Toba Samosir and at this location can be performed sports activities, hiking, swimming, water sky, fishing, boating and other

*. SimarjarungjungLocated in Nagori piggledy village cockfight Dolok Pardamean District, 44 km from Pematang Siantar, 6 km from the district office Padamean Dolok. Visiting hours are not restricted. The area to five hectares. See the sun rise just above the surface of Lake Toba from the top is fun Simarjarunjung

*. Sipolha Located on Lake Toba in Nagori Sipolha adjacent to the Cape of Camels, Sidamanik District, 62 km from Pematang Siantar, 11 km from District Head Office Sidamanik. The total area of 20 hectares. Visiting hours from at 6:00 to 18:00 pm every day. Sipolha also a tourist attraction on the outskirts of Lake Toba that have a beautiful panorama that can be carried out by tourism activities including water sports, recreation, and fishing.

*. Cape Camel , Named "Cape Camel" because it is shaped like a camel resting at this location, the magnificent panorama of Lake Toba can be seen clearly. Many recreational activities are conducted such as camping, fishing in the beautiful bay. Located on the outskirts of Cape Camel Lake Toba in Nagori (village) Sipolha Sub Pematang Sidamanik 10 km from the Office Head.

*. Waterfall derivatives (Twins), Another tourist attraction is not optimally managed. This waterfall is located in Nagori (village) Bayu Bagasan, Java Land District (29 Km from P. Siantar). Saving the natural charm that is very intriguing. Dubbed the twin waterfalls because of the two streams (rivers and streams Balah derivatives) falls on the same spot. Muntik Bridge which is the heritage of the Dutch period was directly above the twin waterfalls. This bridge connects Nagori derivatives view Bayu baga

Where to stay ?

There are numerous hotels and guest houses, mainly in Tuk tuk but with a few scattered in other small towns around the island. During Chinese New Year (end of Jan/early Feb), many Indonesians come for vacation and will pay generously for their rooms (about triple the rate). To accommodate these guests, some guest house owners may ask their existing guests to vacate their rooms, but only giving them very short notice. Therefore, when arriving before Chinese New Year, check with the guest house owner to ensure your stay will not be interrupted.

* Bagus Bay , +62-625-451287, is a lovely place next to the lake. A dark wood and bamboo bar/restaurant give the place a particularly relaxed feel. The rooms are basic and range between Rp.30,000 and Rp.100,000. Good food and cold beer at a reasonable price.

* Barbara`s Guesthouse, Ambarita, +62-625-7000230 (, . is a small quite relaxing place a few km from Tuk Tuk with lovely scenery and very good swimming. Rooms are clean and located in several houses. Prices per night from Rp. 35000 upwards. Western- and Indonesian style food is served in the restaurant and on the terasse direct to the lake. Guesthouse manager Gordon gives gladly general tourist information and good tips about Sumatra.

* Hotel Carolina, Tuk-tuk, +62-625-451210 ( A nice place with 49 rooms set in a lush tropical garden. It has a good restaurant with a verandah overlooking the lake. Staff is very helpful. Prices start with a bargain of Rp.45.000 for small Batak style cottages up the hill with cold water only and go up to Rp.150.000 for the luxury rooms on the lake shore which come with hot water, a bath tub and a fridge. Rates subject to a 10% tax. They have a great lake area for swimming with a diving board and pontoon to relax (best on Tuk Tuk). The Hotel can organise travel and trips, rents out motorbikes, has an computer room and even offers free WiFi in the restaurant area, though the speed can be very slow. * Christina Guesthouse, Tuk-tuk, ? +62-625-451027, . is a small relaxing place with lovely scenery and good swimming. Rooms are clean and located in several houses (e.g. traditional Batak-houses). Prices per night from Rp. 50000 upwards. Internet & Skype are available for reasonable price. Western- and Indonesian style food is served in the restaurant. Guesthouse manager Juan gives gladly general tourist information and good tips about Sumatra.

* Romlan, +62-625-451386 ( is a small guesthouse with about 15 rooms and includes two batak cottages (40,000 per night) and traditional rooms in a single and two storey building (about 60,000 per night). The rooms are super clean and very comfortable with attached bathroom and nice furniture. All rooms have direct lake view and the swimming area is good for swimming and relaxing. Also great local and indonesian food including some German meals. Highly recommended. Ask the boat to stop at the private dock.

* Samosir Cottages, Tuk-tuk, +62-625-451170 (, accommodates many of the travellers who arrive late in Parapat, as there is usually a representative to ship them to the cottages. This is not a bad thing, however - the place is large, with a big variety in the price of rooms (Rp 30,000 and upwards). The waterfront is clean, and the restaurant is large and serves good food.The Batak music performing every Wednesday night and Saturday Night is great edit Ron the Boss and Togi the driver will be very helpful and sincere people. They also own Samorsir Villa Resort 5 minutes drive away which is newly built in 2007.


On the island of Samosir is almost no public transport. So if you want to get around the island, the only alternative is more feasible is to rent a motorcycle at a price of about Rp.70.000, until Rp. 80 000, - per day. Only, remember to always be careful to bring a vehicle on the island because the roads on the island of Samosir Samosir is so small that only one seemed quite impassable by car. In addition, you should not drive at night because the street was dark absolutely total absence of street lighting. General lighting can only be found in locations populated residential lots.

Samosir Island is a small island with a population of rare, so for you who seek frenzied atmosphere of a typical urban, it's not advisable to spend too much time on the island of Samosir. Average travelers who choose to stay on Samosir island for a long time are those who want to relax or cultural scholars who are interested in Toba Batak culture.

If you bring the rental car, rental car can also be carried across to the island of Samosir with a large ferry which departed from the port Ajibata in Parapat. If a small ferry, there is usually no fixed schedule, a large ferry operates according to fixed schedule and enough time. To take across the car, you only need to buy tickets for car and passengers at the ticket counter.

 more information to lake toba , better try to visit this link :

Saturday, 28 August 2010

Dive Sites of Bunaken Island, Manado, Sulawesi

Bunaken, the diving spot which highly compulsory for you to visit as a diver. Its beauty has been known to the world . Cluster of coral reef which lined up along the dive site has its own characteristics, and it's because the region of Sulawesi Sea is a marine areas that separate from the continental shelf in Indonesia. in this article we serve some of the information for diving sites in Bunaken, which we summarized from several sources.

Reef Basics

Great for: Small animals, wall dives, underwater photography, drift diving, reef life and health, dive value-for-money and advanced divers
Not so great for: Wrecks and non-diving activities
Depth: 5 - >40m
Visibility: 20 - 35m
Currents: Usually gentle but can be strong
Surface Conditions: Calm
Water Temperature: 27 - 30°C
Experience Level: Beginner - advanced
Number of dive sites: ~25
Distance: ~18 km north of Manado Bay (40 mins)
Access: Manado diving resorts
Recommended length of stay: 7 - 10 days


Mike Point
Many large and massive corals, black corals, sponges, big gorgonians and ascidians. Angelfishes, tilefish, large jacks, eagle rays, white-tip reef sharks and with luck big silvertip sharks.

Raymond Point
This wall with good hard, soft and whip corals growth very nice and is a home for many lobsters, angelfishes, butterfly fishes, big emperors, groupers, tunas, red snappers, sea snakes and stingrays. Sometimes the current horizontal and vertical.

With sometimes a strong current, the reef offers yellow tail fusiliers, parrotfish, batfishes, jacks, and wrasse also white-and black-tip sharks

Mandolin Point
In the deeper parts small caves, very beautiful reef top with many different hard and soft corals. Fishes like banner fishes, large angelfishes, fusiliers, damselfishes, butterfly fishes, big sweet lips, groupers, napoleon wrasse, turtles, sea snakes and barracudas.

Alung Banua
A nice reef top with many completely covered foliose and hard corals, also a very good topography with canyons and many small caves. Fishes like in Fukui Point. Ideal for night dives.

Fukui Point
Also called "Stingray Point", has a stepped profile, the reef top is at 3 meters and then slopes down with several shorts, but steep, drops. Well know for its rays, turtles, big barracudas, jacks, sweet lips, triggerfish, black snappers, spadefish, and napoleon wrasse, also bump head parrotfish.

Celah Celah
In the crook of the reef along the south site, the soft and hard corals growth good, many fishes like butterfly fishes, surgeonfish, parrotfish and also Napoleon wrasses.

Likuan I and II
Many canyons and cracks in the vertical walls. Here your chances are very good to see banner fishes, damselfishes, pyramid butterfly fishes, sea snakes, large emperor fishes, groupers, lionfish and scorpion fishes, Napoleon wrasse, turtles and sometimes white-tip reef sharks. The reef is filled with feather stars, gorgonians, black corals, giant sponges and ascidians.

Likuan III
Vertical walls with sandy slopes, many different hard corals. White-tip and black-tip reef sharks, barracudas, turtles and sometimes mantas.

Slope is growth very nice. A lot of soft corals and sea fang, but often very strong current.

Pangalisan and Bunaken Timur
Very good reefs. Many hard and soft corals. Fishes like: emperor fishes, parrotfish, jacks, dogtooth tunas, butterfly fishes, angelfishes, sea snakes, blue-tip stingrays, white-tip reef sharks and sometimes gray sharks and hammerhead sharks.

Sachiko Point
Big fishes prowl this steep wall included large tunas, turtles, banner fishes, damselfishes, large angelfishes, sweet lips and large emperors. White and black-tipped sharks resting in caves in the deeper parts.

Source :

Sunday, 22 August 2010

Visa Rules for Indonesia

Visa Rules for Indonesia

Indonesia Visa Rules - There are several types of Indonesia visas such as Tourist Visa, Business Visa, Multiple-entry Visa (for business trips only) and Transit Visa. All travelers to Indonesia must possess passports, valid for at least six months after arrival, and proof of onward passage out of the country.

Visa Guidelines
Visas are not required for tourists who are nationals of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, The Philippines, Hong Kong Special Administration Region (SAR), Macao Special Administration Region (SAR), Chile, Morocco, Peru, and Vietnam.

Countries and districts eligible for a visa on arrival are: United States of America, Australia, South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Denmark, United Arab Emirates, Finland, Hungary, United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, Germany, Canada, South Korea, Norway, France, Poland, Switzerland, New Zealand, and Taiwan.

Indonesia Visa Rules These visas can be obtained from the following airports on arrival:
Polonia (Medan), Sultan Syarif Kasim II (Pekan Baru), Tabing (Padang), Soekarno - Hatta (Jakarta), Juanda (Surabaya), Ngurah Rai (Bali), Samratulangi (Manado).

The following seaports also offer visa on arrival:

Sekupang, Batu Ampar, Nongsa and Marina Teluk Senimba (Batam), Bandar Bintan Telani Lagoi and Sri Udara Lobam (Tanjung Uban), Belawan (Belawan), Sibolga (Sibolga), Yos Sudarso (Dumai), Teluk Bayur (Padang), Tanjung Priok (Jakarta), Padang Bai (Bali), Jayapura(Jayapura).

*NOTE: The information supplied here is meant as a guide only and is subject to change without warning. Therefore all travelers should check the visa and immigration details with the local Indonesian Embassy or Consulate.

Visa Regulations Effective February 1, 2004, Indonesia has introduced wide ranging changes in the national visa-free and visa on arrival system. We've tried to summarize those changes here for your convenience.

Visa Free on Arrival
In the past the nationals of 48 nations were given a 60-day stay (visa free) upon arrival at an Indonesian international gateway.

Under the new rules effective February 1, 2004:

• Only 11 countries and territories are eligible for a "Visa Free" facility, they are: Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR, Chile, Morocco, Peru and Vietnam.

• Nationals of the aforementioned countries and territories will be issued with a 30-day stay permit without charge upon presentation of a valid passport with 6 months remaining validity.

• The Visa Free Facility is not extendable or convertible into another type of visa.

Visa on Arrival (updated February 2010)
Effective Jan 26, 2010, visitors holding valid passports from certain countries can now only obtain a 30-days visa on arrival (VOA). The previous 7-day visa at US$10 has been abolished, hence this 30-days US$25 visa (renewable for an additional 30 days, cost for this extension has not been revealed yet) being the only visa that can be issued to eligible tourists. This VOA can be obtained at any of the 15 airports and 21 seaports designated as "international gateways" by the Indonesian Immigration department.
Nationals of the following countries are eligible to purchase a VOA:
Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Panama, People's Republic of China, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Sweden, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America.

• The citizens of the aforementioned countries must hold a passport with at least 6 months remaining validity at the time of arrival, present a completed embarkation/disembarkation card provided by the airlines, be able to demonstrate they have sufficient means to live during their stay in Indonesia, not be listed on any official blacklist of individuals prohibited from entering the country, and pay the stipulated fee to obtain a visa.

• The Visa on Arrival cannot be converted into another class of visa.

• Immigration authorities promise the visa purchasing system will take no more than 3-5 minutes per applicant. Payment counters have been set up to process payments.

• Once payment is completed the tourist will proceed to an immigration counter for final inspection of documents and visa issuance.

Visa on Arrival at Limited Gateways
The visa on arrival facility will only be available at the following international gateways:

Airports: Medan, Pekanbaru, Padang, Soekarno-Hatta (Jakarta), Halim Perdana Kusuma (Jakarta), Surabaya, Bali, Manado, Yogyakarta, Solo, Mataram (Lombok), Balikpapan, Makassar, Kupang.

Seaports: Batam, Tanjung Uban (Bintan), Belawan (Medan), Sibolga (Sumatra), Dumai, Teluk Bayar (Padang, Sumatra), Padang Bai (Bali), Jayapura (Papua), Padang (Sumatra), Bitung (North Sulawesi), Tanjung Balaikarimun, Tanjung Mas (Semarang), Kupang, Pare Pare (South Sulawesi), Makassar (South Sulawesi).

Applying for Visas Before Arrival
Citizens of countries not included on a visa-free or visa-on-arrival lists must apply for a visa overseas before arriving in Indonesia. Citizens of any country wishing to stay more than 30 days must also apply for an appropriate visa at their nearest Indonesian Embassy or Consulate before traveling to Indonesia.
It seems that a 60 day visa can be issued on request in most Asian countries for all nationalities within 2 days. You may check with your local Indonesian Embassy as well, where you will probably need to give a viable reason why you need a 60 day visa vs a 30 day visa.

Special Facilities

A certain number of special facilities are being introduced in connection with the new visa policy, including:

• Tour Agents are able to arrange express handling for groups at no additional charge by presenting the completed immigration cards, passports and applicable visa fee.

• Passengers who overstay their visa period for a short period of time can be processed immediately at the airport by paying US$ 20 for every day they "overstayed" their 30 day visa.

• Airlines that experience technical difficulties or delayed flights can apply for their passengers to be exempted from paying any "overstay" penalties.

Source: Bali Discovery

TIP: Make copies of your passport and keep them separate. Losing your passport in Indonesia will cause you quite a few inconveniences since you'll have to make at least one trip to your embassy in Jakarta. We advise to make copies of travelers cheques, health insurances, drivers licenses, credit cards and bills of photo and video equipment as well. In case of loss this can help you at the police station and later on to get your lost property replaced.

For Retirees:
Retirement in Indonesia The Immigration Department has issued the long-awaited revisions to regulations that allow the granting of temporary stay permits for those over 55 years of age. This facility to provide renewable stay permits of one year's duration was originally announced in 1998 (Keputusan Menteri Kehakiman No. M.04-IZ.01.02 tahun 1998). In the first few years after the regulations were issued few retirees were actually able to actually get the visa due to the strict requirements. Revisions to the regulations in April 2002 (decree by the General Director of Immigration in law No. F. 492-UM.01.10, April 18, 2002) brought the requirements within closer reach of the financial capabilities of most retirees.
Source: Living in Indonesia - Retirement. See there for more information.

Thursday, 12 August 2010

Lombok : Another Indonesia Paradise

Indonesia as an island country , have so many beautiful places to visit . Lombok is the one of tourism destination . Places near of Bali island on the East Indonesia which has a naturally beautiful panoramic , and the most of all is on the beach . The most popular is Senggigi Beach then Kuta beach , Gili Nanggu , Sekotong , and another beautiful places spread in this island. This island its not only provide the beach to make your traveling more satisfy , you can go to the north side and try a mountain climbing . Mount Rinjani with Segara anakan lakes in the middle of , will bring your imagination to the beauty of paradise.

Lets start to exploring this island ....

1.Sengigi Beach.

This is the most popular beach in Lombok island . Places on the north west of the island and takes 30 minutes from Selaparang airport . You will be spoiled with white sand and turquoise beach water . Enjoy with snorkeling activities to view coral reefs and another beautiful panoramic under the sea . This beach has a quite wave ocean ,so you will be more enjoying to dive in this beach .You can try the delights of the kinds of dishes / serving food typical of Lombok in the restaurants were lined up neatly on the edge of the beach. The price varies from US$3 to US$30 per person (July 2010). Of course, dining at seaside amusement burst of light illuminated by the moon and were entertained by the orchestra, the surf beach a pity if the pass up. No less interesting, tourists do not forget to taste the typical food servings Taliwang Lombok and the Chicken Rice. Almost every restaurant in Senggigi Beach, Lombok or in general, provides a serving of this dish While eating Chicken Rice Taliwang or, tourists will be entertained with typical Lombok arts, music and dance form. Even if you do not mind, visitors are also allowed to dance together in shades of joy and togetherness Still in this area , there more hotels and inns you can rent for a few days , the best premium hotel is in " Senggigi Beach Hotel & Pool Villa Club " , because its premium hotel , you have to spend your money US$250 at least for one night . Some places to stay that can be used as an alternative is the Holiday Inn, the Oberoi, Sheraton Senggigi, Melati Two Cottage, Pool Villa Club, Panorama Cottage, and others.

2.Kuta beach (Lombok)

This beach is also known as pepper beach, because sand grains are shaped like a pepper with a slightly yellowish-white color, if we're going to step on this sands , the foot-drowning and seemed to be rather difficult stepped your foot. And the other side from the hill , you will be amaze by sand that is like talcum powder. Your travel time is more or less than three-hour trip from the airport The distance between Mataram, Kuta is about 70 km.Look to the southern side and you can find this quite beach . Kuta beach in Lombok is still relatively quiet. Residents around still suffused atmosphere of rural life, with relatively simple buildings. The only belonging luxurious hotels is Novotel Hotel on the beach. The hotel was built in traditional style in the form of Sasak village houses made of wood and thatched palm leaf . The view from the hotel overlooking the sea was very beautiful and not many human hands touch. Natural view is the most offered from this beach ,If move more to the east side , you can find "surfers paradise" beach , placed at Gerupuk region . This beach is a multi surfer level , onshore side dominate by rookie , and the offshore dominate by pro surfer. Better to try to conquest the wave on this beach , delightful for your vacation will be more increase

3.Gili Nanggu

Gili Nanggu is the one island from many of Paradise island in lombok island .On the white sandy beaches and waves are calm, you can rest without worry disturbed by the hustle and bustle of the beach vendors, because Gili Nanggu is a private island which is inhabited only by administrators and staff. The enchantment of the sea has its own charm and is one of the main reasons many visitors who come every day to play on the beach. Just down a few meters into the ocean so the fish are colorful tame will come closer. There are also coral reefs and other marine animals are very beautiful.To reach this island, we just have to rent motor boat in Lombok mainland areas south Sekotong mop-sheet, and taken within approximately 20 minutes. And before crossing you better to hire snorkeling equipment on the island because the rent is more expensive, the rental side of + /- 50 thousand-negotiable package of course. And during the crossing we were treated to a panorama of the island of Lombok, with the background of barren hills and clear blue sea.

4.Mount Rinjani

This is the most different trip while enjoying Lombok island . Mount Rinjani 3726M . Mountain climbing yups , lot of people known the beauty of this mountain . With a lake in the middle of the mountain called Segara anakan , bring the delightful imagination for the nature , and sure different type of adventure to pumping up your adrenalin .Forests in Gunung Rinjani including heterogeneous and homogeneous forest types in certain regions. At an altitude of 1000 - 2000 masl can we find types of plants such as banyan (Ficus superb), Garu (Dysoxylum sp), Pterospermum, and plantations are planted population vegetables like cabbage, peppers, onions, potatoes as well.At an altitude of 2000 - 3000 maslThe dominant vegetation is the mountain pine (Casuarina junghuniana).At an altitude of 3000 masl to the top there are only a kind of grasses and perennial flowers (edelweiss). the most one beautiful of Mount Rinjani is the Segara Anak Lake that formed due to volcanic eruption of Mount Rinjani. This lake is situated at an altitude of 2800 masl, is rich in fish and other flora and fauna.


Rinjani Summit (3726M)

5 - 8°C from 02:00-08:00AM

Segara Anak Lake (2000M)

Daytime: 14 - 18°C, Night: 11 - 14°C

Sembalun Crater Rim 2 (2639M)

Daytime: 15 - 20°C, Night: 10 - 12°C

Senaru Crater Rim 1 (2641M)

Daytime: 15 - 22°C, Night: 12 - 15°C

Pos 3 Pada Balong - Sembalun (1800M)

Daytime: 20 - 24°C, Night: 15 - 20°C

Pos 2 Tengengean - Sembalun (1500M)

Daytime: 22 - 26°C, Night: 18 - 22°C

Pos 3 Mondokan Lokak - Senaru (2000M)

Daytime: 20 - 24°C, Night: 15 - 20°C

Pos 2 Montong Satas - Senaru (1500M)

Daytime: 22 - 26°C, Night: 18 - 20°C

Overall Condition

From Pos 2 - Pos 3 Sembalun (East)

Mist from 12:00 - 18:00 PM

From Pos 2 - Pos 3 Senaru (North)

Light mist from 12:00 - 18:00 PM

Overall Visibility

100 - 200M

After 2000M - Up

Weather is clear but windy

From Sembalun Crater Rim to 2900M


After 3000M - Up to the Summit


To make your Rinjani mountain climbing , i suggest you to use an agent . it will need few more days to accomplish your adventure . And sure to make your trip more safety .


1.When to go
Lombok provide much variety of cultural and behavior . Juny -August is the best month to exploring this island.

2.Getting there
The best way is use air plane than waterway . you can choose domestic flight like Merpati Nusantara , Garuda Indonesia, or Lion air . To exploring Kuta beach , its better to rent a car , its because this island have minimum public transportation . Don't forget to bring cash money , ATM in this island isn't to much .

3.What to do
Lombok island is popular island with beach and sea , if you want to surfing , better try to go to Seger beach , Gerupuk beach or Tanjung Aan .

4.Where to stay
Try novotel international resort , resort with traditional sasak house .

Monday, 26 July 2010

Free ebook : Advance Digital Photography

Digital Photography
Focus on technique using  digital camera and  how to create and edit best quality picture  using photosop. So you’ve taken the shot. Is that it? Certainly not. In the world of digital photography, you can use a wide variety of techniques to “bring out” the best picture possible from the shot you’ve taken. You might be wondering, “Howis that possible?” Well, in order to explain that, we should provide some background on how cameras differ from our own brains.
BY : Ken Milburn
FIle size : 7Mb
Free ebook digital photography

Friday, 23 July 2010

Free ebook : Street Photography

>Street Photography
For those of you who love photography for the leisure traveler, this book can you make reference to find a good technique for yourself in the process of shooting, the book is focused on street photography.
"You can capture with your mind or with your heart. Sometimes with both.. but mainly street photography and analogue is with my heart and displays my feelings. Work is a technical challenge and conceptual or private architectural photography is a challenge for my mind... but the heart, the heart is street photography and when I write this, I realize it more and more." words & photos by Chris Weeks
File size: 10Mb

Sunday, 18 July 2010

Chicken or an Egg ??? solved by science . . . . . . . .

onalRemember for an old question which is almost for a long time ago , we never know what the answer is  . . . .                             " what is the first exist ,  a chicken or an egg ?? " .
in a few past years , this question is still ambiguous to explaining  the truth answer .  But  now , we can smile for that question . Even it is a simple question , but is has a long journey to the scientist to get the truth answer for it. See this quote that i have been taken from ANTARA NEWS (INDONESIA) 
Scientists this week claimed to have solved the puzzle. The answer, they say, is chicken. As reported Mailonline, the researchers found that the formation of egg shell depends on a protein found only in chicken ovaries. That is, the egg can only exist if it was in the chicken.

"Protein called ovocledidin-17, or OC-17 - act as a catalyst to accelerate the development of the egg shell. "
Hard shell is important as a place for egg yolk and white. Scientists from the universities in Sheffield and Warwick use the super computer to download'zoom in 'the formation of the egg. Called Hector's computer revealed that the OC-17 is very important in initiating the early stages of crystallization or the creation of the shell. These proteins change the calcium carbonate into calcite crystals that form eggshells.Calcite crystals in a variety of bone and shell, but they are formed more quickly in the chicken. Poultry was able to produce six grams of egg shells every 24 hours.
Dr Colin Freeman, from the Department of Materials Engineering University of Sheffield, said: "During this time people thought that there is first an egg, but now we have scientific evidence showing that an earlier is the chicken actually exists."

Well , thanks for the scientist to solved this puzzle ,  at least we have more knowledge what and how it became and surely tell it true for the kids or another person which still never know the answer "What is the first exist , A chicken or an egg ??"

Friday, 16 July 2010

Free ebook : Southeast Asia

Southeast AsiaSoutheast Asia brings to mind exotic people and exotic places that seem very far away. From the beautiful beaches of Bali, Indonesia, to the bustling modern city of Singapore, this region is home to many ancient cultures that are developing modern political tructures and economies. This transition is taking many of the people of Southeast Asia on a whirlwind ride. Geologically, Indonesian archipelago is one of the most active volcanological regions in the world. Geological uplifts in the region have also produced some impressive mountains, culminating in Puncak Jaya in Papua, Indonesia at 5,030 metres,on the island of New Guinea, it is the only place where ice glacier can be found in Southeast Asia.
presented by :  Douglas A. Phillips
File size : 6Mb
free ebook southeast asia

Tuesday, 13 July 2010

Free ebook : Volcano & Geothermal Tourism

Volcano & Geothermal Tourism
This book presents a first collection of chapters looking more closely at a tourism sector that includes travelling to volcanic and geothermal destinations as part of the new quest for sustainable tourism. Volcano tourism is particularly popular in combination with recreational activities such as skiing, hiking, trekking, climbing and visiting hot springs, as well as many other outdoor activities(Erfurt-Cooper and Cooper, 2009), and with the need for the strengthening of attitudes and practices relating to environmentally sound tourism. edited by : Patricia Erfurt-Cooper and Malcolm Cooper 
File size : 9Mb
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