Wednesday, 7 July 2010

TOP 10 Deadly Volcanoes Eruption in History

Volcanoes , in history have a big relation for us as a humankind . We had known the earth surfaces is basically surrounded by water , and the rest off it , is an island , the place for human kind to live. In every island , there is a giant cone surfaces, mostly high from the others , we often know it as a mountain.

So many people lived near the mountain, and the history was recorded, more than a thousand people was die by eruption, gas , ashes ,rock , lava and the others material . And there are came from inside the "VOLCANO...".

Here they are , the most deadly volcanoes eruption in history ......

Number 10: LAKAGIGAR (ICELAND) 1783-1784.
In a word, the accumulation of miseries, originating in the volcanic eruption, was so dreadful, that, in the short space of two years, not fewer than 9.336 human beings, 28.000 horses, 11.461 head of cattle, and 190.488 sheep perished on the island!

Number 9: KELUD (INDONESIA) 1586.
The 1586 eruption produced one of the worst lava in the historical record of volcanic eruptions and took the lives of about 10.000 people. Extensive works to control lavas have been achieved around the volcano. A system of drainage of the Crater Lake was completed in 1926 .

Number 8: UNZEN (JAPAN) 1972.
The collapse of one of Mount Unzen's domes in 1972 resulted in a tsunami and became the most deadly volcano-related disaster in the history of Japan. 15.000 Japanese died because of that event

Number 7: ETNA (ITALY) 1169.
This mount was showed his strength , more than 15.000 people died in 1169.

Number 6: VESUVIUS (ITALY) 0079.
More than 18.000 people died ( imagining on 0079 C , How big the explosion unless 18000 people had die ? ).This mountain has erupted more than 50 times since the eruption in 79 A.D., when it buried Pompeii and its sister city, Herculaneum. After Pompeii was buried and lost to history, the volcano continued to erupt every 100 years until about 1037 A.D., when it entered a 600-year period of quiescence. In 1631, the volcano killed an additional 4000 unsuspecting inhabitants. It was during the restoration after this eruption that workers discovered the ruins of Pompeii, buried and forgotten for nearly 1600 years. It would take another 300 years for the excavations to reveal the story of Pompeii and Herculaneum

Number 5: ETNA (ITALY) 1669.
The most violent eruption in the history of Mount Etna occurred in March of 1669. On the first day, lava flows cut a smoldering gash out of two mountain villages. The volcano did not stop there, however. It continued to spew forth-molten rock for days on end, and by the end of April, the city walls of Catania had succumbed and the western side of the city was demolished before the lava mercifully came to a stop. In this disaster 20.000 people died.

On November 13, 1985, a small eruption produced an enormous lahar that buried and desolated the town of Armero in Tolima Department, causing an estimated 23,000 deaths. This event later became known as the Armero tragedy—the deadliest lahar in recorded history. Similar but less deadly incidents occurred in 1595 and 1845, consisting of a small explosive eruption followed by a large lahar.

Number 3: PELEE (MARTINIQUE) 1902.
At about 7:50 a.m. on May 8, the volcano erupted with a deafening roar. A large black cloud composed of superheated gas, ash and rock rolled headlong down the south flank of Mt. Pelée at more than 100 miles per hour, its path directed by the V-shaped notch at the summit. In less than one minute it struck St. Pierre with hurricane force. The blast was powerful enough to carry a three-ton statue sixteen meters from its mount. One-meter-thick masonary walls were blown into rubble and support girders were mangled into twisted strands of metal. The searing heat of the cloud ignited huge bonfires. Thousands of barrels of rum stored in the city's warehouses exploded, sending rivers of the flaming liquid through the streets and into the sea. The cloud continued to advanced over the harbor where it destroyed at least twenty ships anchored offshore. The hurricane force of the blast capsized the steamship Grappler, and its scorching heat set ablaze the American sailing ship Roraima, killing most of her passengers and crew. The Roraima had the misfortune of arriving only a few hours before the eruption. Those on on board could only watch in horror as the cloud descended on them after annihilating the city of St. Pierre. Of the ~28,000 people in St. Pierre, there were only two known survivors.

The horrifying eruption triggered the wave of Pair Sea as high as 40 meters and turned approximately 165 villages upside down as well as killed approximately 36,417 people that were all along the Lampung Gulf and the West Coast Banten. The Guinness Book of Record recorded as the biggest explosion that had been printed in the history of modern humankind.

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With an estimated ejecta volume of 160 cubic kilometers, Tambora's 1815 outburst was the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. The explosion was heard on Sumatra island (more than 2,000 km (1,200 mil away). Heavy volcanic ash falls were observed as far away as Borneo, Sulawesi, Java and Maluku islands. Most deaths from the eruption were from starvation and disease, as the eruptive fallout ruined agricultural productivity in the local region. The death toll was at least 71,000 people (the most deadly eruption in recorded history), of whom 11,000–12,000 were killed directly by the eruption; the often-cited figure of 92,000 people killed is believed to be overestimated.The eruption created global climate anomalies that included the phenomenon known as "volcanic winter": 1816 became known as the "Year Without a Summer" because of the effect on North American and European weather. Agricultural crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century.

At least besides the lost because of those disaster , volcano provided so much material which use to reduce the effect of global warming at present. Their activity bring the eruption cloud to reduce the glass effect from the sun light . That is called " The Nature Works".


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